Walter P. Anderson, Jr. Spencer R. Baker Janine M. Bernard Kathleen Brown-Rice Matthew R. Buckley Rebekah Byrd Keith A. Cates Rebecca G. Cowan Jamie Crockett Stephanie Crockett Mary M. Deacon Joel F. Diambra Peggy A. Dupey Judith C. Durham Mark Eades Bradley T. Erford Syntia Santos Figueroa Thomas Fonseca Courtney E. Gasser Edwin R. Gerler, Jr. Gary G. Gintner Samuel T. Gladding Barry Glick W. Bryce Hagedorn Lynn K. Hall Seth Hayden Stephen Hebard Shannon Hodges Eleni Maria Honderich Franc Hudspeth Tanya Johnson Laura K. Jones Joseph P. Jordan Michael Alan Keim Elizabeth Keller-Dupree Carie Kempton Branis Knezevic Joel A. Lane Justin Lauka Kristi A. Lee Sonya Lorelle Amie A. Manis Miles J. Matise Mary-Catherine McClain Cheryl W. Neale-McFall Adele Logan O’Keefe Jay Ostrowski Fidan Korkut Owen Richard L. Percy J. Dwaine Phifer Verl T. Pope Theodore P. Remley, Jr. James P. Sampson, Jr. Stephen R. Sharp Christopher Sink Alwin E. Wagener Jeffrey M. Warren Amy Williams Chelsey Zoldan Editorial Staff J. Scott Hinkle, Editor Catherine Clifton, Managing Editor Traci P. Collins, Associate Editor Michelle Gross, Associate Editor Verl T. Pope, Associate Editor Kristin Rairden, Graphics Specialist Thomas W. Clawson, Publisher Editorial Board 2016 The Professional Counselor ( TPC ) is the official, peer-reviewed, open-access electronic journal of the National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. and Affiliates (NBCC), dedicated to research and commentary on empirical and theoretical topics relevant to professional counseling and related areas. TPC publishes original manuscripts relating to the following topics: mental and behavioral health counseling; school counseling; career counseling; couple, marriage and family counseling; counseling supervision; theory development; ethical issues; international counseling issues; program applications; and integrative reviews of counseling and related fields. The intended audience for TPC includes National Certified Counselors, counselor educators, mental health practitioners, graduate students, researchers, supervisors, human services professionals and the general public. National Board for Certified Counselors 3 Terrace Way Greensboro, NC 27403-3660 The Professional Counselor © 2016 NBCC, Inc. and Affiliates About The Professional Counselor TM