The Professional Counselor | Volume 10, Issue 4 579 *Lumadue, C. A., & Duffey, T. H. (1999). The role of graduate programs as gatekeepers: A model for evaluating student counselor competence. Counselor Education and Supervision, 39(2), 101–109. *McAdams, C. R., III, Foster, V. A., & Ward, T. J. (2007). Remediation and dismissal policies in counselor education: Lessons learned from a challenge in federal court. Counselor Education and Supervision, 46(3), 212–229. *McCaughan, A. M., & Hill, N. R. (2015). The gatekeeping imperative in counselor education admission protocols: The criticality of personal qualities. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 37, 28–40. *McDaniel, K. Z. (2007). Using the right tool for the right situation: Tailoring remediation plans for problem trainees within accredited marriage and family therapy programs. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Kansas State University. Mertens, D. M., & Wilson, A. T. (2012). Program evaluation theory and practice (1st ed.) Guilford. *Miller, C. M. (2010). Endorsement for licensure: Practices and challenges reported by counselor supervisors. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Virginia. Moules, N. J., McCaffrey, G., Field, J. C., & Laing, C. M. (2015). Conducting hermeneutic research: From philosophy to practice. Peter Lang Publishing. Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. SAGE. NVivo qualitative data analysis. (2012). Pty Ltd. (Version 12) [Computer software]. QSR International. Passolunghi, M. C., Cargnelutti, E., & Pellizzoni, S. (2019). The relation between cognitive and emotional factors and arithmetic problem-solving. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 100(3), 271–290. Patton, M. Q. (2015). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (4th ed.). SAGE. Piaget, J. (1977). The development of thought: Equilibration of cognitive structures. Basil Blackwell. *Reddy, Y. M., & Andrade, H. (2010). A review of rubric use in higher education. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 35(4), 435–448. *Rossman, G. B., & Rallis, S. F. (1998). Learning in the field: An introduction to qualitative research (1st ed.). SAGE. *Russell, C. S., DuPree, W. J., Beggs, M. A., Peterson, C. M., & Anderson, M. P. (2007). Responding to remediation and gatekeeping challenges in supervision. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33(2), 227–244. *Russell, C. S., & Peterson, C. M. (2003). Student impairment and remediation in accredited marriage and family therapy programs. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 29(3), 329–337. Schuermann, H., Avent Harris, J. R., & Lloyd‐Hazlett, J. (2018). Academic role and perceptions of gatekeeping in counselor education. Counselor Education and Supervision, 57(1), 51–65. Shen-Miller, D. S., Schwartz-Mette, R., Van Sickle, K. S., Jacobs, S. C., Grus, C. L., Hunter, E. A., & Forrest, L. (2015). Professional competence problems in training: A qualitative investigation of trainee perspectives. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 9(2), 161–169. Shreeve, M. W. (2008). Beyond the didactic classroom: Educational models to encourage active student involvement in learning. The Journal of Chiropractic Education, 22(1), 23–28. Stufflebeam, D. L. (2003). The CIPP model for evaluation. In T. Kellaghan, D. Stufflebeam, & L. A. Wingate (Eds.), International handbook of educational evaluation (pp. 31–62). Springer. *Swank, J. M. (2014). Assessing counseling competencies: A comparison of supervisors’ ratings and student supervisees’ self-ratings. Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation, 5(1), 17–27. *Swank, J. M., Lambie, G. W., & Witta, E. L. (2012). An exploratory investigation of the Counseling Competencies Scale: A measure of counseling skills, dispositions, and behaviors. Counselor Education and Supervision, 51(3), 189–206.